How to protect from Data Hacking |

How to Protect Against Data Hacking

This article discusses how to protect against information and data breaches and hacking.

Computers have become critical for operating a successful business in recent technological advancements.

Having separate computer systems for different tasks is never enough; we must network computers to communicate with outside firms.

Networking these computers makes them vulnerable to hacking and the outside world.

What is Data and Information Hacking?

Hacking is gaining unauthorized access to information, systems, or data.

Hacking is the pursuit of knowledge and understanding in the field of security. It is discovering vulnerabilities in a design or program and exploiting them to achieve a goal. 

Hackers are knowledgeable in computer programming and how it operates.

It is easier for hackers to find vulnerabilities in systems and influence them to gain access to unauthorized information and procedures not meant to be accessed by the general public. 

This article details different types of hackers and hacking techniques. Moreover, we discussed safety precautions against hackers and their hacking methods. 

Data and Information Hacking Techniques

There are various types of hacking techniques that every successful hacker implements.

Each hacker is knowledgeable and skilled in a particular hacking skill.

This section of the article discussed different kinds of hacking techniques.

  • Phishing

This type of hacking aims to steal sensitive information from users, such as account passwords, bank account details, MasterCard information, etc. 

Hackers, for example, can create an initial duplicate website for user interaction and steal sensitive data. Phishing attacks are also commonly spread via email attachments. 

Thus, clicking on suspicious emails, especially from unknown senders, is not advisable.

  • Password Cracking

Hackers will obtain your credentials in various ways, but most commonly, they will use a technique known as keylogging.

If a hacker can intercept your password and log into multiple accounts, they can perform malicious acts for their gain.

  • Social engineering

Social engineering is a technique to persuade a user to provide personal information by imitating a reliable partner.

For instance, a hacker might impersonate a supplier and ask for sensitive information from the account owner. 

The owner will provide information unknowingly, only for the hacker to use the lead against the owner in the future.

  • Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)

This hacking approach aims to take down a website, preventing users from accessing or delivering their service.

Get the server to go down and stop responding, resulting in a persistent condition error problem.

 This hacking technique is usually achieved by flooding the server with fake requests and thus causing delays and, at times, service unavailability to the intended system users.

  • Cookies theft

Hackers can use malicious software to access websites and steal cookies containing information such as tips, login passwords, and other sensitive information.

Once the hackers can access your account, they can do whatever they want with it for their gains.

Common Types of Hackers

A hacker exploits flaws in computer systems and networks to gain access. Hackers have typically experienced computer programmers who are also knowledgeable about computer security. 

Hackers are categorized based on their skills, aims, and motivation. This section of the article seeks to explore different types of hackers. 

  • Ethical / White Hat Hackers

White hat hackers are cybersecurity experts who find and fix system discrepancies legally.

Their contractor permits them to break into the systems to see how secure a corporation is and assist organizations in better securing their systems. They can then detect and address weak places to prevent assaults from outside sources.

White hat hackers adhere to the government’s norms and regulations. 

These hackers are motivated by a desire to assist businesses and find network security flaws. They want to help and defend companies in the ongoing war against cyber dangers. 

  • Black Hat Hackers

The black hat hackers are computer geniuses that violate computer systems and security for personal gain.

These hackers aim to gain unauthorized computer access and steal data or harm the system.

Black hat hackers are considered criminals due to how information is accessed and retrieved and for what reasons. 

They hack into corporations’ networks to steal bank data, cash, or sensitive information. They usually profit from the stolen resources by selling them on the black market or harassing targeted organizations.

  • Gray Hat Hackers

Grey hat hackers sit between black hat and white hat hackers. These hackers can either have good or bad motives. If the hacker’s goal is monetary, they are considered a grey hat hacker.

  • Hacktivist

A Hacktivist is a computer genius, i.e.hacker who sends social, religious, and political statements through hacking.

These hackers commonly want to break into government websites. It is frequently accomplished by hijacking websites and posting messages on their websites.

A hacktivist might be a single person or a group of anonymous hackers to gain access to government websites and networks.

The information obtained from government files could be for personal, political, or societal gain.

  • Script Kiddies

Half information is always harmful; Script Kiddies are a group of new hackers to the industry.

Script kiddies attempt to hack the system using scripts written by other hackers. They try to break into computer systems, networks, or websites. 

The purpose of hacking is to attract the attention of their peers. Script Kids are young ones with a limited understanding of the hacking process.

Safety Precautions Against Hacking

Hacking cases are inevitable in the 21st century. Organizations and people may follow a few safety measures and best practices to guarantee they are less likely to be hacked.

  • Avoid Clicking Unknown Ads and Suspicious Links

Hackers frequently employ advertisements such as pop-up adverts. When clicked, it downloads malware or spyware onto the user’s device. 

Strange links contained in email messages or on social media, in particular, should never be clicked. Hackers can use this avenue to install malware on a device or redirect visitors to bogus websites.

Hackers are continually looking for security flaws that have yet to be discovered or addressed.

As a result, keeping the software and operating systems up to date is critical for keeping people and companies safe from hackers.

Allow automatic updates from computers and software makers and ensure that devices and programs have installed the most recent operating version.

  • Implement 2-Factor Authentication

Two-factor Authentication (2FA) eliminates the need for passwords. It ensures that the person accessing an account is who they say they are.

When a user attempts to sign into an account, he/she/they are asked to give further identity proof, such as a fingerprint or a code texted to their smartphone.

  • Set up Unique Passwords for Different Accounts

The most common data leaks and cyberattacks are weak passwords and improper password management.

It would be best to choose strong passwords that are difficult to crack and never use the same password for multiple accounts. To restrict the efficacy of hackers, use unique passwords.

  • Use a Password Manager

Creating strong, unique passwords is a security best practice, but remembering them is challenging. 

Password managers are helpful tools that allow consumers to create secure, difficult-to-crack passwords without placing them.

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Safefellow Editorial Team

This post is a collective effort of the @Safefellow editorial team. It gives us immense pleasure to share our knowledge with you, and we hope you find the readings informative and educative.