Keeping safe with hazardous material |

Keeping Safe With Hazardous Material

Keeping safe with hazardous material should be the priority when handling and using toxic substances.

Hazardous materials severely affect human health.

It is one of the primary reasons for many serious diseases, including cancer.

Creating a safety culture to protect oneself and the community is essential.

All hands should learn methods of handling and transporting hazardous materials.

Proper handling of hazardous materials is paramount to living a healthy lifestyle.

The primary purpose of this post is to inform about hazardous materials; How does it affect human health? And safety precautions when dealing with these toxic materials.

Meaning of Hazardous Material

A chemical or substance classified as a physical hazard material or a health hazard material, whether the chemical or substance is in usable or waste condition—NFPA 400.

In simplicity, a hazardous material is any substance that can harm human health and the living environment.

And such materials are referred to as dangerous goods, and proper handling is required to avoid disaster. 

Types of Hazardous Materials

The classifications of hazardous materials are as follows:

● Class 1: Explosives, e.g., Fireworks, Dynamite

● Class 2: Gases, e.g., Acytelene, Lighters

● Class 3: Flammable liquids, e.g., Gasoline, Alcohol

● Class 4: Flammable solids, e.g., Oily Rags/Fabrics, Matches

● Class 5: Oxidizers/organic peroxides, e.g., Potassium Peroxides

● Class 6: Toxic and infectious substances, e.g., Lead Compounds

● Class 7: Radioactive material, e.g., Uranium, Cobalt, Iodine

● Class 8: Corrosives, e.g., Mineral Acid, Ammonia

● Class 9: Miscellaneous, e.g., Lithium-Battery, Asbestos

Effects of Hazardous Materials on Human Health 

How severe the human health effects through toxic materials depends upon how chemicals enter the body.

Some poisonous materials show an immediate impact, while some take time to harm human health. More toxic chemicals have a terrible effect on human health. 

On average, about 300 artificially designed chemicals have a very intense effect on the living style of the human body. The results of dangerous material vary to the age of humans. 

Some of the impacts on human health include:

● Behavior abnormalities 

● It can cause cancer 

● Kidney failure 

● Physical deformation 

● Many congenital disabilities occur due to toxic materials

Effects of Hazardous Materials on the Environment 

These dangerous materials have a severe impact on health as well as the environment.

Human everyday waste contaminates the natural environment, i.e., water, soil, and air. Some of the results include the following:

● The death of animals, not excluding humans. 

● It can cause mutation in animals 

● It is the primary reason for the destruction of natural resources

● It also reduces the life span of plant life 

● The life of many aquatic animals is at risk due to hazardous waste 

● Some hazardous chemicals are also the reason for the contamination of soil 

Handling Hazardous Material

What rules should everyone follow to protect themselves from these hazardous materials?

Encourage yourself and everybody around you to follow the chemical handling safety tips. Adopting this action can protect the environment from such toxic materials.

  • Recognition 

Firstly it is essential to understand and recognize the hazardous material. Read the instructive label (material safety sheet) properly before using it.

Also, go through precautions to know how to handle them safely.

  • Give Proper Training to Employees 

Every employee in the workplace should get the proper training to get information about the disposal method of such materials.

Adequate disposal of toxic materials is compulsory for a healthy life.

  • Pre-Planning 

Consider the severe condition and make a pre-plan about handling an accident when it happens—ready-to-go safety equipment such as eyewash and shower stations should be available.

  • Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Use new and clean personal protection equipment. Disposed of old and damaged PPE.

  • Marked All Hazardous Materials 

Ensure all containers containing toxic chemicals should be appropriately named and labeled.

  • Use Only When Needed 

Use the hazardous chemicals only when needed

  • Stored Toxic Chemicals Properly 

Store materials and substances according to compatibility. Ensure container lids are closed tightly. Keep the area clean, and don’t overpack substances. Leave a breathing space between storage.

  • Dispose of Waste Material Properly 

The correct way of disposal protects you and the community from many problems. So, dispose of toxic materials properly.

  • Wash Hands After Use 

Wash hands thoroughly after handling hazardous material. Never drink or eat while handling toxic materials.

Uncommon Safety Tips for Home Hazmat

We frequently use many products that contain toxic materials. These dangerous materials can harm you and cause injury. So its proper usage and handling are compulsory at home. 

Here we list some household products that contain hazardous materials.

● Tile cleaners 

● Toilet-cleaners 

● Oven cleaners 

● Motor oil 

● Lead paint 

● Gasoline and many more!

Follow the following safety measures to protect yourself from any incident.

  • Use PPE 

Whenever you are handling such chemicals, use gloves, mask, goggles, etc.,

  • Read Instructions Carefully 

Before going to use it, read the instructions carefully.

  • Clean Your Hand 

Always wash your hands properly after using any unsafe material.

  • Don’t mix Them 

Don’t mix toxic material unless you know to use it properly.

  • Dispose of Waste Material Properly 

The correct way of disposal protects you and the community from many problems. So, dispose of toxic materials properly.

General Safety Rules 

● Always stay alert 

● Wear the proper clothing while handling hazmat 

● Always use the right tools and equipment

● Keep storage neatly and don’t overstock 

● Have a safety plan ready to go


If you want to live a healthy life and protect your surroundings from complex situations, follow the instructions above. These safety precautions keep you safe from any danger. 

A clean environment is essential for you as well as other living organisms. Safety handling is compulsory for healthy living.

Don’t throw waste material openly in the air. It can cause pollution that affects human health and leads to death. Following the safety rules is the priority. 

Do you enjoy this reading? Kindly share with family, friends, and colleagues. Thanks 🙂

Soji Balogun

Soji is an associate fire protection inspector with extensive knowledge of federal, state, and municipal fire safety rules and laws. A United States military veteran and an alumnus of the New York Institute of Technology, with over a decade of work experience as a safety and compliance officer.